Medicines precious from the bark shrimp, crab Each year, thousands of tons of shells, crabs were discharged from seafood processing plants have been processed into useful products while reducing environmental pollution. Already 5 years from now, cream Pokysan is trusted family medicine Nguyen Thanh Hai and Tran Thi Huong (396 Thuy Khue - Hanoi) every time someone burns, boils or skin fungus ... According to , this is "precious medicine" contribute to timely cure for his little son's baby sister Nguyen Ngoc Quan was burned by boiling water body in 2002. Few people know, creams Pokysan is one of the work research and application of materials chitin / chitosan from the balance of processing seafood (shrimp shells, crabs, cuttle) of the collective scientific staff pharmaceutical polymers Division women (Institute of Chemistry-Institute for Science and technology of Vietnam). Pokysan cream has anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, especially Candila albicans strains, hypoallergenic and side effects, capable of hemostasis and anti-proclaimed u, stimulate re-epithelialization and skin cells to do heal the wounds, burns, rapid healing and reduce pain for patients. The drug has been clinically tested on 500 patients with burns shallow and deep burns at the National Burn Institute and other hospitals in Vietnam with effective cross burning drugs imported from the US and India, but much cheaper. This work has received Gold Medal at the International Fair of industrial goods Vietnam in 2001, granted by Exclusive Utility Solutions 2003 Bronze Medal at the International Fair Seoul 12/2004 innovative, award FAWICH reward creative talent and honors women of the Vietnam General Confederation of Labour. Drug production technology is also offered in the technology market TECHMARK Vietnam in 2003. Associate Professor, Dr. Nguyen Thi Ngoc Tu, Head said, though newly established over 10 years (since 1/2004) collective female staff room pharmaceutical polymers hosted 12 topics, state-level projects, two international projects and projects of the Institute. Room 10's technology is offered on the technology market in Vietnam, 8 products licensed by the Ministry of Health of production, circulation, including 4 with proprietary intellectual, 3 protection of trademarks Tu ... She said: "When we were working on chitosan materials for use in medical, agricultural, many to be unrealistic, impractical, because no other country applied research material in two fields above. chitosan is not named in the pharmacopoeia (including the pharmacopoeia of the advanced countries like the US, Japan) for reference. "yet after only 3 years of the study, in 1997, by the chitosan materials her research has been the Ministry of Health recognized as materials used as medicines. Since chitosan materials, scientists have studied women here, fabricated products highly effective and affordable reasons such as creams Polysamin can stimulate healing, anti keloid and regulate skin pigmentation, biological polymer membrane used Pochisan cover the wound is healing membrane treatment of burns, no incision skin grafting polymerization and patched leather seats, plastic surgery. Not stopping there, chitosan materials are made into nutritious food, tends to lower blood pressure, reduce cholesterol and blood lipid, anti-obesity, anti-tumor and cancer, especially boosting care for the body, can be used for patients with HIV / AIDS impaired immune system. Also from chitosan, she has studied the success Chimex products used in agriculture, non-toxic, safe for farmers and the environment, stimulate plant growth, rapid root, flower, leaf, creating more chlorophyll, anti-blast, rice sheath blight. Typical recently PDP powder products from seafood shells used as a food additive safety, replace toxic borax, was awarded the 2004 VIFOTEC Assoc. TS. Nguyen Thi Ngoc Tu and TS. Hong Khanh Nguyen and colleagues, used in processed sausage, nem chua, canned meat, bun bread, milk storage and beverage. TS. Ngoc Tu said, what do you most proud of is the study, each year, thousands of tons of shells, crabs were discharged from seafood processing plants have been processed into useful products co while reducing environmental pollution. Keep in mind first of all scientific research is to serve life, 6 women scientists, including youngest age 24 to study new, innovative, practical applicability, efficiency socio-economic benefits and contributed to protect the health of the community were honored prizewinner 2003-2004.
On cool days, dried fish dishes will definitely be a great solution if you are lazy to go to the market because dried fish can be stored in the house for a long time, moreover, dishes with dried fish are always extremely expensive. . 1. Fried fish with fish sauce On cool days, there is a plate of fried fish with simple fish sauce, served with white rice, which is enough for the whole family to love. This dish is simple, easy to find, just go to the market and you have enough. Delicious dishes with dried fish, delicious dishes with anchovies, sweet sugar fish, anchovies 2. Malaysian style fish sauce anchovy This dish of fish sauce and peanuts is a familiar dish of Malaysians. However, the ingredients are quite close to Vietnam so you can do very easily. This dish is very charming with many attractive flavors. Delicious dishes with dried fish, delicious dishes with anchovies, sweet sugar fish, anchovies ADVERTISEMENT 3. Kimchi soup cooked with seaweed, anchovies Korean soup with kimchi cooked with seaweed, anchovies has a delicate and charming flavor and also requires a great way to cook. However, the finished product is delicious so you will feel very worth it. Delicious dishes with dried fish, delicious dishes with anchovies, sweet sugar fish, anchovies 4. The sweet and fried fish Who in the Mekong Delta is sure to taste fish with tong or fried fish and sweet with fish sauce, minced peppers and sugar. The heart and the spice mix together to eat very ... consuming rice. Delicious dishes with dried fish, delicious dishes with anchovies, sweet sugar fish, anchovies 5. Honey stocked anchovy Anchovy has the salty taste of the sea, anyone who has ever eaten anchovies, it will be hard to forget its charming flavor. This dish is easy to make, processing time is also fast. Delicious dishes with dried fish, delicious dishes with anchovies, sweet sugar fish, anchovies 6. Salad with dried mango chopped fish This salad is easy to make but almost everyone likes it because of its sweet and sour taste. You can "craft" available some dry fish in the house so that every time there is a guest can bring out this salad dish.
South West casuarina is a fish with smooth skin, large fingers and shaped like a goby, so there are places also known as goby. Goby is a raw material for processing many famous specialty foods such as hot pot fish, goby fry ... A typical fish in Southern Vietnam, nature has given here the conditions It is ideal for hundreds of different species of fish, including the goby. Not only is it processed in fresh form into many delicious dishes but it is also dried to preserve longer and can be used anywhere. How to dry goby: In preparation for drying goby, people have to prepare many stages and apply a lot of experience to get the best quality fish. The fresh goby live when caught up to be cleaned and lubricated on the body, then washed and dried water. This is an important step before drying fish. This stage will also cause the fish to die so that when fishes are about to jump. Normally, drying goby need favorable weather that is crispy and big. Only conditions like that make the goby dry quickly without mold or damage. Guppies after the water is put on the skin shortly and then bring the first two functions, under the sun to the gauze quickly shrunk, using a spray mist and spray white wine to fish out of oil and avoid moisture mold. Continue to add 1 - 2 more sunshine fish will reach the quality can be preserved.
The things that can have a positive impact on our health are many and varied, and often it can be surprising to learn that something that doesn’t intuitively seem to have anything to do with our health can actually have a big impact on it one way or another. For instance take jellyfish – you likely have no reason to have thought of jellyfish as a great source of nutrients, or as the key to unlocking secrets of our own health – but in fact they are both. Here we will look how the humble jellyfish can benefit your health and how they might one day help us to better understand the human body. About Jellyfish Jellyfish are remarkable creatures. While you and I are ‘mostly water’ jellyfish take this to the extreme and are only 5% solid matter and 95% water. They are invertebrates meaning they lack a spine and so they don’t swim or walk but rather just ‘drift’ with the currents and go wherever they may take them. There are a vast number of jelly fish species and these come in a range of shapes and sizes – sometimes with tentacles up to 100 feet long. Some will drift in shallow coastal waters but others prefer depths of up to 12,000 feet. They live three to six months and they come in a variety of colors. And if you want an amazing jellyfish fact how about this – the Turritopsis Nutricula Jellyfish is a species of jellyfish that never dies. Yes this jellyfish is biologically immortal meaning that if it’s never in an accident or caught by predators then it won’t die. This is because it can revert itself back to its neonatal state as a newly born ‘polyp’ and thereby rejuvenate all of its cells. Eating Jellyfish Eating dried jellyfish is highly nutritious and they contain a lot of good substances. Jellyfish are one of Asia’s most popular foods and are served dried and chopped into small pieces and boiled to add a crunchy texture and remove salt. Their health benefits are that they contain a lot of calcium binding proteins which improve memory and help to fight age related cognitive decline. In one study 56 participants were put on a jellyfish diet and it was found that 57% of them experienced memory improvements. Normally our brain produces calcium binding proteins of its own, but as we get older these reduce in number. This is a problem as the proteins are used in order to regulate the amount of calcium in the brain cells and this can then slow down various brain functions. At the same time dried jellyfish contain collagen which may be helpful for the treatment of arthritis and visible signs of aging once again. All this suggests that while you’re not going to become immortal like the Jellyfish, you will nevertheless gain some youthfulness as a result of eating them. Jellyfish are also harvested for their collagen and this can be used in many beauty products. Most fundamentally though, the jellyfish is mostly protein and water meaning that it is a very lean source of amino acids with very few carbohydrates or fats making them the perfect diet food. Swimming With Jellyfish Jellyfish sting as a natural response to touch and this is their primary defense mechanism against predators. Some of these stings are deadly – such as stings from the box jellyfish but in many cases it is perfectly safe to swim with jellyfish. Some stings are not strong enough to breach the skin at all while others are barely noticeable. As jellyfish are so calming and beautiful many people find it fascinating and therapeutic to swim with them. If you enjoy the thought of swimming with jellyfish then the best way to do so is to head to Clear Lake on the island of Eli Malk in Palau. Here you will encounter the ‘golden pool’ filled with countless ‘golden jellyfish’ which have lived there without evolving for millions of years. Because the lake is cut off and so high in nutrients, the jellyfish have lost their sting and that makes them completely harmless to swim with. Meanwhile more and more people are taking an interest in keeping moon jellyfish as pets. Jellyfish in Biotechnology The real benefits of jellyfish to mankind however lie in their unique genetics. The luminescence that they produce for instance (the green fluorescent protein gene in crystal jellyfish specifically is responsible) is often used as a ‘biomarker’ or ‘biotag’ to allow scientists to identify the activation of genes. They have been used to create glowing cats, mice and other animals and this then indicates that the other changes they have made to those animals’ genetics are also working. Luminescent cats most recently have been used to research a potential cure to AIDS. This has additionally allowed scientists to see inside living cells and this has helped to revolutionize medicine and our understanding of our cells. And finally the paralyzing aspects of jellyfish venom it is hoped may help us to unlock the keys to the human cardiovascular system.
(Knowledge) - Shrimps and shrimps provide a significant amount of protein, especially in dried shrimp, protein is much higher than fresh shrimp, beef. Specifically in the research results of the Central Institute for Hygiene and Epidemiology and Institute of Technical Studies dress, in the 100g of beef only 17.6g of protein, 100g of lean pork has 18.6g of protein, 100g of fresh shrimp There are 76.9g of water, 18.4g of protein, 1.8g of lipids ... Particularly dry shrimp has a very high protein content, which is said to be the highest in all foods. According to research, 100g of dried shrimp has up to 75.6g of protein, not to mention other micronutrients higher than that of fresh shrimp, beef or pork. Besides, mineral salts, calcium, phosphorus, sodium and zinc are also high. According to nutritionist Nguyen Thanh Ha, the dried shrimps have a high specific protein content such that when dried or dried, the water in the shrimp evaporates, the remaining ingredients will increase more than three times, Nitrogen in dry shrimp will account for nearly 70%, meaning that every 100g of dried shrimp has nearly 70g of protein. Calculation of the Institute of Nutrition Vietnam with an adult weighing 80kg only need to eat nearly 1 pound of shrimp is excess of protein requirements in a day. Because of the high nutrient content, you can use dried shrimp to prepare food daily. However, careful selection should avoid buying dried shrimps, dried shrimps and molds damaged health damage. For dried shrimp, when choosing to buy should observe the shape, color, taste outside to determine whether the shrimp or not. Dried shrimp are usually pink to light pink, light, not pale or black. If the shrimp is dried whole shell must be whole, not crushed. If the shrimp is dry without head, it must be raw, no crumbs, no worms, molds, tasty natural taste of dried shrimp, no odor strange. Currently, there are many types of shrimps, shrimps made of plastic, rubber shrimps have the same shape and color as normal shrimps, so to avoid buying these kinds of shrimps, you can try using them. fire burn shrimp. If it burns, fumes black and has an unusual smell, then do not buy. The smell of dried shrimp is very fragrant, do not need to put near the nose but just to dry shrimp on hand is the smell of attractive shrimp dried. There is no smell of rubber, the smell of plastic or the strange smell of fake shrimp. You can also use your hand to crack the shrimp. If the shrimp is made from rubber or plastic, it will be difficult to do because this type of shrimp is hard and hard to handle than the normal dried shrimp. With dried shrimps natural, shrimp body will be slightly tough when dry, can separate the body of shrimp by hand.
Cuttlefish bone The exploit season of squid from March to September, This period, the squid swim to near the shore to delivery. Mainly in April, May, June. In addition to cuttlefish bone, people also exploit squid of the big dead squid in the offshore, after that the waves and the wind blowing them on the shore. People collected them then dried and laundry them for preservation. At the present, Vietnam exports a lot of cuttlefish bone. For human Treatment for patient The scientific name of the squid is Sepia Esculenta Hoyle, Sepia Andreana Steen-Strup. Effects of cuttlefish bone and dosage According to the document, the squid is tempered. The effect of blood vessels, low welding past, hemostatic. Used to treat hemorrhoids, bloody nose, colic, eyes… Currently cuttlefish bone is a drug used to treat the following diseases: Cure hyperuricemia, gastric ulcer bleeding, labor cough, slow-growing children, women with haemorrhage. Make medicine to cure people with blurred vision or cure ear drainage. (Cure ear drainage: cuttlefish bone 2g, thyme leaf 0.4g, small canopy, take clean cotton swab lightly puffed in the ear). Using external, sprinkle the powder on the wound to stop bleeding. Dosage: Take 4-8g daily as a powder or pill. For beauty Do you know how to brush your teeth with Cuttlefish bone powder? Cuttlefish bone contains many components Lipid, calcium, phosphorus, and iron. These ingredients will make plaque on the teeth, on the other hand, to make teeth stronger. How to use: cuttlefish bone dried, ground into powder and put into a storage box. Whenever you brush your teeth, you can mix cuttlefish bone with toothpaste to clean your teeth every day. For bird species At present many bird handles we do not know how to use minerals for birds and also do not attach importance to it. That is a very wrong way of thinking. Because the physical decline of each bird will depend on time and is often very slow, therefore, most bird handlers do not recognize it and do not know it is due to bird illness. Birds live outside nature, they eat a lot of food and adjust their own food. But when they live in captivity, no matter how hard it is for a bird farmer, it can not be compared to when it lives freely outside. This leads to a lack of nutrients in the bird’s daily diet. Since 1817, French scholar Louis Vieillot has noticed that there are some birds in the house such as Garrulax canorus bird, Kanari Hemiprocnidae, Alaudidae bird … after a few years of children have fallen to death. Later, he learned that domestic birds were often deficient in micronutrients so that their health gradually deteriorated. At some point, they had a stroke due to heart failure, respiratory failure, mental disorders due to calcium deficiency. Later, Dr. PaulWalton of the Royal Scottish Bird Conservation Society affirmed that Louis Vieillot’s position was correct. As a result, people started to recommend the addition of micronutrients to birds in captivity in cages. In Vietnam, in the last few decades, many people have known about this. The first is the Salangane farmer. When supplemented with minerals, Salangane spawns regularly, baby Salangane is less dead, Salangane is stronger. There are also nightingale fighters in Hanoi. Nightingale fight is a mineral that can be hard and tough because its skeleton is hard and stable so it is not afraid to collide. The bird sing when feeding the mineral will pulse physically should always call birds friend. It is a pity that people knows the use of minerals, but they kept secret not widely for everyone to know. What are minerals for birds? Minerals powder made from a number of compounds that contain the chemical elements necessary for the physiological bird life and their body. Each bird requires a mineral that fits its requirements. There are very simple as for cuckoo goldfish only need yellow soil plus a little Vitamin B1 that is enough. Some are complex as Kanari’s or Kanji’s, for example. All birds kept in cages must be supplemented with minerals, if the mineral is lacking, the bird will shrimps, poorly reproduce and die. The red soil of Ba Zan 30% (or can use red soil of Central Highlands from Buon Me Thuot, this land is rich in iron oxide, very necessary for the red blood cells of birds. In the North, there is red soil Luc Ngan also good but, it is not the same the Central Highlands soil and can be used. In the South, there is red soil Bien Hoa, it is nearly ratio of the Central Highlands). Charcoal powder 25% (preferably charcoal power of Guava, should be avoided from The Neem charcoal and Erythrophleum Fordii as a toxin. The charcoal powder contains a large amount of sodium chloride. This element combined with Natri of table salt, link to Calci to create the structure of bone makes the bones firm. Cuttlefish bone 20%. It is rich in calcium, the main constituent of bone tissue of birds. In general, the ratio of minerals and nutrients to full feeding birds will provide many benefits for caged birds in the perennial. The combination of cuttlefish bone, charcoal powder or the red soil will make the bird healthier, add calcium and the birds will have less disease.
Pangasius (Pangasius hypophthalmus) and basa fish (Pangasius bocourti) is one of the fish species with high export value, which has been cultivated for a long time in the Mekong Delta provinces. Natural nutrients that are available in tra and basa fish have been confirmed and there are many research projects on this topic. Pangasius hypophthalmus is currently cultivated in Vietnam, especially in the Mekong Delta. Nutritional value in fat catfish, basa fish Regarding the main ingredients, compared to the fat of chickens, pigs and some other terrestrial animals, Pangasius and basa fish are similar. However, in the fat components of catfish and basa fish, unsaturated fatty acids account for a high rate of nearly 80%. Other animal fats with a high lipid content may cause some cardiovascular diseases. While basa and basa fat are less likely to contain saturated fatty acids and bad cholesterol, they are not only harmful but also good for health. Particularly for women when eating tra and basa fish, iron element in this aquatic species is easy to assimilate and absorb less fat, helping women have a slender body. According to MSc. Nguyen Huynh Dinh Thuan, lecturer of Institute of Food Biotechnology - Ho Chi Minh City University of Industry: "Pangasius is very good for health, especially fish fat. Some studies show that catfish and basa fish have nutritional value no less than those of deep-sea fish. Besides, Pangasius fat is fully concentrated with natural nutrients such as Omega 3,6,9, EPA, DHA, Vitamins A, E and essential trace minerals for the body. Fish oil extracted from pangasius fat with a suitable technological process can retain most of the omega 3,6,9, vitamin A, vitamin E, and D compounds in fish fat. MSc. Nguyen Huynh Dinh Thuan - Lecturer of Institute of Food Biotechnology - HCMC Industrial University Cooking oil extracted from fish fat Previously, pangasius processing factories were always headache in solving a large amount of fish fat after processing fish. Solving this amount of fish fat always accounts for a big part of the operating costs of the business. Nowadays, pangasius processing enterprises have used modern technologies into tra and basa fish processing line, including extracting oil from fish fat. The production of cooking oil from tra and basa fish not only provides consumers with healthy products but also contributes to reducing waste from pangasius processing plants; contribute to environmental protection and bring significant income to the society. With modern processing technology, Tra and Basa fat cooking oil not only eliminates the fishy smell, but also contains nutritional value not inferior to other edible oils. Ranee premium fish oil filling line Recently, in the market of Vietnamese cooking oil, Ranee brand of fish oil products appeared. This is edible oil extracted from 100% pure fish oil, fully converging the natural nutrients in Pangasius fat such as Omega 3,6,9, EPA, DHA, Vitamins A, E and trace minerals essential for the body, suitable for daily food processing Ranee is a product of Sao Mai Group produced at Sao Mai premium fish oil refinery. Raw materials to supply the refined Ranee premium fish oil products comes from Multinational Investment & Development Joint Stock Company (member company of Sao Mai Group). Currently, IDI has more than 135ha of water surface, providing over 5,000 tons of fish material per month for export fillet processing factory. IDI's tra and basa fillet products are available in over 150 countries and territories around the world because of their white flesh color, which tastes better than other catfish species. Moreover, tra and basa fish are two species with high nutritional value because they are high in protein, low in fat, high in EPA and DHA, low in cholesterol. After fish meat is exported, fish fat will be put into a closed refining process, applying advanced science and technology, using physical extraction method to filter and deodorize with very modern production technology equipment. Great to produce the product line called Ranee.
Choose snakehead fish Selection of fresh snakehead fish, alive. Not selected but the fish died long, light color, opaque (dry will not taste good and smelly “bad”). Make fish Make snake fish thoroughly. Scabs, abdominal excision, cut off and removed but not used. Soak salt water and rinse thoroughly to remove mucus on the fish body. Cut off the head, bones and cut the fish to the desired shape. Use a knife cut on the fish body to spice easily seep into the marinade. Marinate the fish Use curry powder to make a pale red. Absolutely no chemical pigments harmful to health. Use traditional spices such as sugar, salt, monosodium glutamate, garlic, fish sauce, … to marinate fish. ⇒ To ensure the safety of our health when eating. Absolutely do not use benton or any other preservatives to marinate snakehead fish. ⇒ Advantages: good for health; Disadvantages: difficult to store, easy to dispose. ⇒ Should be put in the refrigerator. Leave enough time to spice the fish. In the meantime, stir frequently to spice up the meat. Dry Choose where to have good sun to dry. Spread dry out so that the sun can be evenly exposed to the dry surface. Frequent sun exposure to dry both sides. Continue drying for at least 3 days until the fish reaches dryness. >> In the process of drying, we always put the problem of hygiene as the head to produce the fish snack products as delicious and safe as possible. How to preserve dried snakehead fish Because we do not use preservatives, we can not stay long in the environment like many other products. Because dried snakehead fish is organic, it is easy to mold in dry, dry environment and dry and dry. ⇒ We always encourage customers to store in refrigerators or freezers for long term use.
Ginger also possesses many lesser-known miracles, such as boosting the immune system, stimulating hair growth, reversing the signs of aging, and even preventing cancer. ! Remove orange peel scars in fatty people Ginger juice mix can help you warm the skin that it touches. From there, improve blood circulation and remove the "lumpy orange peel" aesthetic. Here's how: - Mix one tablespoon of freshly chopped ginger with 0.5 liter of ginger juice. Add a few tablespoons of sea salt, mix well. Finally, apply a sponge or cloth to the mixture and apply to the lumps of orange peel. Resolves the problem of digestive tract Chewing fresh ginger or ginger tea can help you deal with common digestive problems. In addition, this method can reduce the symptoms of nausea when pregnant or motion sickness. Improve immune system According to scientists, ginger contains a lot of ascorbic acid, vitamins A, B, zinc, calcium, iodine and natural antibiotics. Therefore, ginger has amazing benefits in boosting the immune system, as well as helping us get better quickly. For example, when you have flu, you can try two ginger recipes: Dissolve one tablespoon of ginger in 250 ml of tea. - Soak 2-4 lemon slices and 400 g fresh ginger in honey. Use one tablespoon each morning during the illness. Pain relief Another less well known use of ginger is pain relief. In fact, this kind of spice can help us alleviate muscular pain after exercise, pain due to extra sores and even lower abdominal pain during the day. The thing you need to do is eat the gingerbread or to be more effective, try the following formula: - Mix a little ginger, turmeric powder with lemon juice, 1 tablespoon of honey and water. Then apply this mixture directly to the affected area on the body. Helps the brain to function more effectively Eating regular ginger at a moderate dose has been shown to slow down the aging process and death of brain cells, helping to prevent neurological diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. In addition, ginger has many active ingredients that support cognitive ability, improve memory as well as enhance sensitivity in thinking. Prevent cancer Recent studies have shown that ginger contains certain types of active substances that may support the body's ability to fight cancer. In addition, for cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy and radiation therapy, the spice also helps to minimize the negative effects these treatments have. Prevents hair loss and stimulates hair growth Ginger has a special effect on the health of scalp, nutritional supplement for hair roots. From there, it stimulates the rate of hair growth and minimizes hair loss. Here are the ginger hair recipes that you can easily apply: - Stimulate hair growth: soak some ginger and garlic in water and leave for 30 minutes. Add some coconut oil or olive oil, mix well. Apply lightly to the scalp and massage for a few minutes. After 30 minutes wash your hair with clean water. - Treatment of dandruff: mix 2 parts fresh ginger cure with 3 parts olive oil or sesame oil. Apply to the scalp, leave it for 15-25 minutes and rinse with water. Perform regularly twice a week.
Description How to make Crayfish Crayfish is used as seasoning in Nigerian cooking. Crayfish adds a very traditional flavour to whatever it is used to cook that is why you will mostly find it in Nigerian Soups for Fufu meals, Concoction Rice and many more. We usually grind crayfish into powder with a dry mill before adding it to Nigerian cooking. Sometimes, you will find it added as is in Abacha and Ugba. There's often a bit of a nomenclature war about what crayfish is. Is crayfish a shrimp, a prawn or even crawfish? Come to think of it, there's also some confusion when it comes to shrimps and prawns hence they are often used interchangeably in some countries. Based on the characteristics of shrimps, I would say that the crayfish we have in Nigeria are more like shrimps. So crayfish can safely be referred to as dried shrimps. They range from very tiny to large ones that can be mistaken for prawns. In a mound of crayfish, you will mostly find tiny ones with big ones here and there. The big ones known as Oporo are usually sorted out from the rest and sold separately because they are used in a different way when cooking Nigerian food. The procedure detailed below also works for Dried Prawns or Dried Shrimps. What you will need Shrimps (frozen or fresh) Notes Shrimps are usually sold in the frozen section of supermarkets. If you live in a coastal town, you may be able to buy fresh ones from the fishermen. There is no need to add salt because shrimps are quite salty when dry. But then, I don't eat a lot of salt so you can add a tiny bit during step 2 if you wish. Procedure for making the Crayfish Keep the frozen shrimps on your kitchen counter to defrost. This takes a few minutes. Do not use a microwave oven to defrost it. If you have fresh shrimps, skip this step. When done, rinse with cool water and set aside to drain. Set your oven to top and down heating (bake) and 250°C (480F or Gas Mark 9) to preheat. If your oven settings are not up to these numbers, just go with the highest setting possible. Also turn on the oven fan if your oven has it. If not, no worries, it only means that yours will take longer than the drying times stated below. Place the shrimps or prawns (if it's what you are using) on your oven racks. Place in the preheated oven and bake for 25 minutes. Depending on the heating capacity of your oven, this may be less so please keep an eye on it. After 25 minutes, you will notice that they are almost dry. Dab some vegetable oil or any other tasteless and odourless cooking oil eg sun flower oil on the almost dry shrimps. Cover the oven and bake for additional 15 minutes. If your oven does not have a fan, you may need to bake them longer. Again depending on the heating capacity of your oven, it may take less. Overall, just keep a close eye on it from now on. At this point, the crayfish can go from golden eye candy to charred in no time. When completely dry but not charred, take them out from the oven and set aside to cool down completely. Store in a dry air tight container or in your freezer. To use for Nigerian cooking, grind with a dry mill before adding to the dish or as directed in the recipe. Even when stored in the freezer, it does not get damp when you bring it out from the freezer. If you have any questions about this preparation, click this link and ask me in the comments. Watch the video below to see how I did it.